Where Do We Use Commas?

What is the purpose of a comma in writing?

The comma functions as a tool to indicate to readers a certain separation of words, phrases, or ideas in order to prevent misreading the writer’s intended meaning.

When a sentence is spoken aloud, a comma often represents a pause, which in verbal conversation functions to clarify meaning..

Which is or that is?

In a defining clause, use that. In non-defining clauses, use which. Remember, which is as disposable as a sandwich bag. If you can remove the clause without destroying the meaning of the sentence, the clause is nonessential and you can use which.

How do you avoid punctuation errors?

How to avoid 9 common punctuation mistakes that make you look dumbDon’t confuse “it’s” and “its.” … Don’t use an apostrophe to pluralize nouns. … Don’t write run-on sentences. … Don’t overuse commas. … Don’t use dashes and hyphens interchangeably. … Don’t use semicolons and commas interchangeably.More items…•

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. … Therefore, we need a comma before and. Don’t use a comma before and when one of the clauses it’s connecting is a dependent clause.

Does my sentence need a comma?

Common Comma Uses Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction that links two independent clauses. Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Use commas to separate items in a series.

Why is a comma important?

Why use commas? Commas are used to divide or separate parts of a sentence in order to make the meaning clear and the sentence easier to read. They mark a brief pause in the sentence, usually at a point where you would naturally pause if you were speaking rather than writing.

Whats is a comma?

The comma , is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages. … It has the same shape as an apostrophe or single closing quotation mark (‘) in many typefaces, but it differs from them in being placed on the baseline of the text.

How a comma changes meaning?

The absence or presence of a comma can change the entire meaning of a sentence. For example, there’s a cannibalistic difference between “Let’s eat grandma” and “Let’s eat, grandma.” The same holds true for apostrophes, hyphens, colons, and other punctuation marks.

How do you find a comma error?

Steps for Proofreading and Using CommasGive yourself enough time to read your paper s l o w l y several times. Double-space your paper and print it out. … Look at your paper one paragraph or page at a time.Look for only comma mistakes. You can check for other mistakes later.Use a colored pen or highlighter.

Why do we need to use punctuation marks?

Punctuation. Punctuation is used to create sense, clarity and stress in sentences. You use punctuation marks to structure and organise your writing. … Perhaps you don’t always need to use commas, periods, colons etc. to make sentences clear.

What does a comma splice mean?

(More on compound sentences) A comma splice occurs when a comma is used between two independent clauses. … Unlike a comma splice, a run-on is two independent clauses merged together with no punctuation in between. (A fused sentence is another name for a run-on.) Both comma splices and run-ons create grammatical problems.

What happens when you don’t use commas?

Commas are used to separate words and phrases into chunks of information that make sense to the reader. Correct use of commas allows the reader to take in the information without pause. Incorrect use of commas can cause confusion or even a misreading of the information.

What is the Oxford comma rule?

“The so-called ‘Oxford comma’ is an optional comma that follows the penultimate item in a list of three or more items and precedes the word ‘and’ … The general rule is that it should be used consistently or not at all …

What is comma and its uses?

Commas are used after introductory clauses and phrases, to set off interruptions within the sentence, with nonrestrictive phrases and clauses, and between items or modifiers in a series. … Commas should never be used around restrictive clauses, to separate a subject and verb, or to separate a verb and its direct object.

Should I use a comma before where?

Yes, you do need a comma, because “where” is being used as a subordinate conjunction to introduce a nonessential subordinate (dependent) clause. Nonessential clauses require you to use commas to connect them.

How do I check my grammar mistakes?

Online Editor – Grammar Checker. Enter the text that you want to check for grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes; then click the gray button below. Click on underlined words to get a list of proper wording alternatives, suggestions, and explanations.